Pomelo is a tropical fruit that originated from China. Today it is widely spread out in some parts of Asia with countries such as Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and India bragging substantial production. The fruit belongs to the Rutaceae family and its scientific name is Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis. Depending on the country of origin, it also goes by names such as pummelo, limau bali, karuna, bali lemon, limau abong, batabiletu and limau bol.
Pomelo is very similar to grapefruit to an extent that some people confuse the two as one. They belong to the same family whereby the later is a hybrid of the former and another original species, whereas the former is an original species in itself. Other major differences include size, taste and shape. Pummelo is larger than grapefruit and all other citrus fruits. It has a distinctively sweet taste whereas grapefruit is sweet with hints of tanginess. Pummelos have a pear shape whereas grapefruits are almost round.
Pummelos come in many varieties that can be differentiated through external skin appearance and the appearance of the inner fleshy parts. The rinds range from green to pale yellow, yellow and orange colors whereas the fleshy parts feature all these colors among others.
Traditionally, extracts from pummelo flowers and leaves are used in Ayurveda and peels are widely used for beauty. All these parts are associated with antioxidants such as polyphenols, carotenoids and vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6 and C.
The Yao women from China boil pomelo peels together with rice water and other ingredients when preparing a rice water-based hair shampoo. Besides, eliminating the bad smell of fermentation, the nutrients found in the rinds are infused into the water and transferred to the hair. The peels are also used as a substitute for grapefruit rinds and boiled together with lemon skins in the preparation of traditional Vietnamese hair shampoo.
Today, various parts of the plant are used to prepare commercial hair and skin products. The peels are used to produce pomelo essential oil through cold pressing. The oil has a citrus aroma with floral undertones and its chemical composition is rich in components that are fundamental for healthy hair and skin.
Reduces the appearance of wrinkles and other aging signs: The pomelo fruit and its beauty products contain antioxidants (spermidine) that provide anti-aging benefits. Besides elevating the signs of aging, these components also support improved skin elasticity by stimulating collagen production.
Nourishes hair and scalp: The vitamins and minerals found in pummelo promote healthy hair and scalp. The overall chemical composition of the fruit is also rich in chemicals help alleviate itchiness and dandruff issues.
Reduces the appearances of spots and scars: Pummelo has a high content of vitamin C which is an antioxidant that protects the skin from free radicals and discoloration issues. Its ability to inhibit the production of melanin allows scars and spots to heal without significant change in skin color.
Facilitates hair growth: When combined with ingredients such as rice water, gingerroot and tea seeds to form a shampoo or leave-in mixture, the final product promotes hair growth as well as overall hair health.